Tyre Basics

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Making of a tyre without compromise

Making of a tyre

The only point of contact between the vehicle and the road, the tyre has to strike the right balance between grip, traction, comfort, sound, longevity, energy efficiency and cost of ownership. Without compromise.

Manufactured using exacting procedures.

Making a tyre isn’t simply squirting rubber into a mould. It’s a complex process that requires extraordinary attention to detail. Many, if not most tyres, are hand made with great attention to quality.  Our system of quality, measured many times during the manufacturing process, is applied equally and with the same rigour in all of our factories worldwide. This guarantees the same level of quality wherever one of our tyres is made.

Tyre manufacturing is a process of constant innovation.

No doubt you've heard about Michelin's "green" energy-saving tyres that improve vehicle fuel economy by lowering rolling resistance. At Michelin, we're currently working on our fifth generation of green tyres. The aim is to provide an improvement of at least two percent in fuel economy and reduced CO2 emissions with each successive generation. This has been, in our own way, a silent revolution. One in which we've helped reduce global fuel consumption by more than 12 billion litres and avoided 30 million metric tonnes in CO2 emissions since 1992.

Michelin is committed to improving fuel economy while maintaining very long wear life, excellent wet braking, comfort and low noise. We know that the quality of the tyre is at the core of its value.

The tyre is a complex sum of many different parts.

Its success depends on how each part works together as a whole.  It’s an extremely advanced product using a wide variety of raw materials. In fact, more than 200 component parts go into making a modern tyre.

These components fall into five groups:
  1. Natural rubber. The principal component of the tread layers of tyres.
  2. Synthetic rubber. An essential element in the tread of car van and 4x4 tyres.
  3. Carbon black and silica. Used as a reinforcing agent to improve the wear characteristics of the tyre.
  4. Metallic and textile cables. They make up the tyre’s skeleton, and guarantee its geometry and rigidity.
  5. Numerous chemical agents. Gives the tyre particular properties like low rolling resistance or ultra-high grip.



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